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Computer Science - 09.03.2023
Computer scientists paint a picture of six decades of movies
Computer scientists paint a picture of six decades of movies
Researchers say data science may eventually help predict a film's success From the sepia tones of a Coen brothers film set in the Dust Bowl to a child's red coat in Schindler's List, filmmakers have long known the power of colour in movies. Now, computer scientists have analyzed 60 years of films to paint a picture of the past six decades in film.

Life Sciences - 09.03.2023
Alcohol during pregnancy: drinking too much in the first week is risky
But consuming foods rich in nutrients could counteract some of the negative effects, according to a new Canadian study. CONTENU Serge McGraw, chercheur en épigénétique et spécialiste en biologie de la reproduction au CHU Sainte-Justine Credit: CHU Sainte-Justine Excessive alcohol consumption in the first week of pregnancy poses risks to the unborn child - but having a healthy diet rich in nutrients such as folic acid, vitamin B12, choline and betaine could reduce some of its effects, a new Canadian study reveals.

Environment - 09.03.2023
Western prof finds backyard feeding could help chickadees survive
Western prof finds backyard feeding could help chickadees survive
Decade-long research shows home feeders don't alter chickadee reproduction or behaviour By Megan Stacey , By Megan Stacey , March 09, 2023 Never throw bread to the neighbourhood ducks. Keep dogs and cats away from chocolate. There is a long list of rules for feeding animals. But when it comes to backyard songbirds, there is research to justify the bird feeder.

Health - Psychology - 08.03.2023
World's most comprehensive study on COVID-19 mental health
World’s most comprehensive study on COVID-19 mental health
COVID-19 has taken a relatively limited toll on the mental health of most people around the globe, according to a paper published today in the by a McGill University-led research team involving collaborators from McMaster University, the University of Toronto, and other institutions. The team reviewed data from 137 studies in various languages involving 134 cohorts of people from around the world.

Health - Social Sciences - 07.03.2023
Many parents report health risks prior to pregnancy: Study
We know that a person's health during pregnancy impacts their child's developmental trajectories, but what about parental health before conception? A new study led by  Cindy-Lee Dennis , a senior scientist at the Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute at Sinai Healthand a professor in the University of Toronto's Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, found that a significant number of Canadian women have poor preconception health or interconception health, which refers to the period between two pregnancies.

Health - 07.03.2023
Pandemic anniversary highlights need for expanded bereavement support services
The COVID-19 pandemic, which killed millions across the world, had a dire impact on the ability of their loved ones to grieve. A study by Simon Fraser researchers published in the journal Illness, Crisis & Loss , calls for expanding pandemic grief support programs and increasing public awareness of the existing supports available to help lessen the emotional toll.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 06.03.2023
Connecting Canada and Europe through quantum satellite communication
New HyperSpace collaboration envisions secure quantum connections across the Atlantic Ocean By Elizabeth Kleisath Institute for Quantum Computing Dr. Thomas Jennewein, a faculty member at the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) and the University of Waterloo's Department of Physics and Astronomy, has his sights set high and wide - specifically on a quantum satellite orbiting high above the Earth to connect Canada and Europe via a secure quantum communication link.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 06.03.2023
More evidence that sugary drinks cause weight gain: Study
A review of dozens of studies from the last decade recently found that sugar-sweetened beverages promote weight gain in children and adults. The review, led by researchers at the University of Toronto and Harvard University, is the largest and most thorough analysis to date of research on sweetened drinks, and overweight and obesity - both of which heighten risks for diabetes, heart disease, some cancers and other diseases.

Environment - Paleontology - 06.03.2023
'Giant' ant fossil raises questions about ancient Arctic migrations
’Giant’ ant fossil raises questions about ancient Arctic migrations
Simon Fraser scientists say their research on the latest fossil find near Princeton, B.C. is raising questions about how the dispersal of animals and plants occurred across the Northern Hemisphere some 50 million years ago, including whether brief intervals of global warming were at play.

Physics - 03.03.2023
Researchers' model could help avert global helium supply crisis
Researchers’ model could help avert global helium supply crisis
A new theoretical model developed by earth scientists at the University of Oxford, University of Toronto and Durham University may help alleviate a global supply shortage of helium - a naturally occurring gas critical for a wide range of medical, scientific and industrial applications, from cooling the magnets of MRI scanners to filling non-combustible balloons.

Health - Innovation - 02.03.2023
AI predicts cancer patient survival by reading doctor’s notes
Science, Health & Technology Brett Goldhawk A team of researchers from the University of British Columbia and BC Cancer have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) model that predicts cancer patient survival more accurately and with more readily available data than previous tools. The model uses natural language processing (NLP) - a branch of AI that understands complex human language - to analyze oncologist notes following a patient's initial consultation visit-the first step in the cancer journey after diagnosis.

Health - Psychology - 01.03.2023
Long COVID linked to lower brain oxygen levels, cognitive problems and psychiatric symptoms
Study is first to show link between COVID and oxygenation changes in the brain Long COVID is associated with reduced brain oxygen levels, worse performance on cognitive tests and increased psychiatric symptoms such as depression and anxiety, according to new research studying the impacts of the disease.

Health - Research Management - 28.02.2023
HIV Reservoirs Are Established Earlier Than Expected
HIV Reservoirs Are Established Earlier Than Expected
For the first time in humans, a research team has shown that, as early as the first days of infection, HIV is able to create reservoirs where it will hide and persist during antiretroviral therapy. CONTENU - Until now, the scientific community did not know exactly when or how these viral reservoirs-the existence of which is a major obstacle to curing HIV-are established in human beings.

Physics - Microtechnics - 27.02.2023
Tiny new climbing robot was inspired by geckos and inchworms
The untethered soft robot could one day help doctors perform surgery A tiny robot that could one day help doctors perform surgery was inspired by the incredible gripping ability of geckos and the efficient locomotion of inchworms. The new robot, developed by engineers at the University of Waterloo, utilizes ultraviolet (UV) light and magnetic force to move on any surface, even up walls and across ceilings.

Health - 27.02.2023
Midwifery care safe for moderate- and high-risk pregnancies
Midwifery care safe for moderate- and high-risk pregnancies
Science, Health & Technology Brett Goldhawk New UBC research shows that midwives in British Columbia are providing safe primary care for pregnancies of all medical risk levels, contrary to a popular belief that midwives mostly manage low-risk pregnancies. The study, published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal , examined a decade of births in B.C. between 2008 and 2018.

Pedagogy - 27.02.2023
Too much focus can impair certain types of learning, researchers find
Alexandra Decker  was breezing through her multiple-choice driving exam when she realized the correct answer was always the longest and most detailed - an insight she may have overlooked if her attention was trained on the questions themselves.

Health - Social Sciences - 24.02.2023
LGB and more likely to die
A new epidemiological study finds that lesbian, gay and bisexual people in Canada have higher preventable death rates than their heterosexual counterparts. CONTENU - The scientific literature has repeatedly shown health gaps between lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) and heterosexual people. In 2020, for instance, Statistics Canada reported that members of the LGB community were three times more likely to have experienced physical or sexual violence at some point in their lives.

Health - 23.02.2023
Western study explores link between neighbourhoods and heart health 
Western study explores link between neighbourhoods and heart health 
New research looks at national health data, community well-being and neighbourhood information to study effects of social environment on cardiovascular health By Prabhjot Sohal , February 23, 2023. While it can be debated whether good fences make good neighbours, a new study by Western researchers, Dr. Sarah S. Singh , Dr. Saverio Stranges and Stephanie J. Frisbee , shows that good neighbourhoods could indeed do a lot of good to your heart.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 23.02.2023
Researchers enhance durability of low-cost solar cells made from nano-sized crystals
Researchers enhance durability of low-cost solar cells made from nano-sized crystals
An international team of researchers has developed a new technique to enhance the durability of inverted perovskite solar cells - an important step toward commercialization of an emerging photovoltaic technology that could significantly reduce the cost of solar energy. Unlike traditional solar cells, which are made from wafers of extremely high-purity silicon, perovskite solar cells are built from nano-sized crystals.

Health - Life Sciences - 23.02.2023
Genes reveal kidney cancer's risk of recurrence
Genes reveal kidney cancer’s risk of recurrence
DNA sequencing may provide a more effective way to predict a patient's risk of kidney cancer recurrence and could one day lead to more personalized treatment Studying the mutations in kidney cancer after surgery could help to better predict the risk of the disease coming back, according to the latest results of a decade-long international study.