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Life Sciences - Health - 22.03.2024
Direct communication path between the lungs and the brain
Direct communication path between the lungs and the brain
Findings show that communication can alter the way the brain functions and the way someone behaves University of Calgary researchers have discovered the lungs communicate directly with the brain when there is an infection. Findings show the brain plays a critical role in triggering the symptoms of sickness, which may change the way we treat respiratory infections and chronic conditions.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 21.03.2024
'brown dwarfs' grow old alone
’brown dwarfs’ grow old alone
The interstellar objects are usually paired as binary systems, but in a new study Clémence Fontanive shows that, as they get older, few actually keep their companion. Clémence Fontanive , a researcher at Université de Montréal's Trottier Institute for Research on Exoplanets, used NASA's Hubble Space Telescope to study some of the coldest and lowest-mass "brown dwarfs" of our solar system.

Pharmacology - Health - 21.03.2024
Healing eyes with contact lenses
Healing eyes with contact lenses
Patented bandage contact lens material could release drugs as needed to help eye abrasions heal faster A cross-disciplinary University of Waterloo team has developed a new contact lens material that could act as a bandage for corneal wounds while releasing drugs in a controlled manner to help the eye heal faster.

Health - 21.03.2024
Concussions in young children: symptoms still present three months later
Concussions in young children: symptoms still present three months later
A study led by Sainte-Justine hospital researcher Miriam Beauchamp has found long-term symptoms in children aged six and under who suffered a concussion. Concussions in children aged six and under continue to affect their health three months after the event. This is the finding of a study led by Miriam Beauchamp , a professor in the Department of Psychology at Université de Montréal and researcher at Sainte-Justine hospital.

Health - Pharmacology - 21.03.2024
Results for: UCalgary researchers investigate the science of psilocybin-assisted treatment for alcohol use disorder
Results for: UCalgary researchers investigate the science of psilocybin-assisted treatment for alcohol use disorder
UCalgary researchers investigate the science of psilocybin-assisted treatment for alcohol use disorder Clinical trial to explore potential of psychedelics combined with therapy to help someone reduce or stop drinking University of Calgary researchers are about to conduct the largest single-site clinical trial of its kind in Canada to find out whether combining a known therapy with psychedelics could be a viable treatment for alcohol use disorder (AUD).

Health - Social Sciences - 21.03.2024
More than 70 per cent of B.C. inmates with substance use disorders are reincarcerated: SFU study
More than 70 per cent of B.C. inmates with substance use disorders are reincarcerated: SFU study
Former prisoners with substance use and co-occurring disorders are at an alarmingly high risk of reincarceration, according to a new Simon Fraser University-led study. The study found that 72 per cent of people with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders, and 70 per cent of people with substance use disorders alone, returned to prison within three years of release.

Environment - Life Sciences - 21.03.2024
Species diversity promotes ecosystem stability
What maintains stability within an ecosystem and prevents a single best competitor from displacing other species from a community? Does ecosystem stability depend upon the presence of a wide variety of species, as early ecologists believed, or does diversity do the exact opposite, and lead to instability, as modern theory predicts? Resolving a long-standing debate among ecologists A new study from McGill University and the Max Planck Institute and published recently in Science suggests an answer to this question that has stood unanswered for half a century among ecologists.

Environment - Health - 20.03.2024
Research gaps in links between Indigenous health and climate change
Research gaps in links between Indigenous health and climate change
Global Futures Findings from a new review strengthen the warnings of a global ecological and relational crisis Though matters of climate change, biodiversity loss and Indigenous Peoples' health and well-being are often considered separately, the three are linked in innumerable ways. While people worldwide are experiencing the impacts of climate change and biodiversity losses, Indigenous Peoples are most disproportionately and acutely affected.

Environment - Life Sciences - 18.03.2024
Global wildlife study during COVID-19 shows rural animals are more sensitive to human activity
Global wildlife study during COVID-19 shows rural animals are more sensitive to human activity
Science, Health & Technology Lou Corpuz-Bosshart Plant-eating animals more active, carnivores more cautious around humans One of the largest studies on wildlife activity-involving more than 220 researchers, 163 mammal species and 5,000 camera traps worldwide-reveals that wild animals react differently to humans depending on where the animals live and what they eat.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.03.2024
Decoding sleep to reveal our state of health
On World Sleep Day, we look at how neuroscientist Valérie Mongrain studies sleep to help doctors diagnose Alzheimer's disease earlier and predict the onset of epileptic seizures. Sleep takes up almost one third of our life, yet many of its secrets remain unexplained. To penetrate the mystery, neuroscientists are trying to decipher some of the mechanisms of this basic biological function, so key to good health.

Sport - 15.03.2024
Difficult teens can benefit from sport
Physical activity is good for young people with volatile temperaments or living in dysfunctional families - but only under certain conditions, UdeM researchers find. A new study has found that high levels of physical activity in early adolescence can reduce depressive symptoms in young people who have difficult temperaments, come from low-income families or are exposed to family dysfunction.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.03.2024
New way it replicates
A U.S.-Canada study co-led by UdeM researchers offers key understanding of Ebola virus replication and potential therapeutic targets. Scientists in Canada and the U.S. have discovered a new way in which Ebola - an often deadly virus affecting people mostly in sub-Saharan Africa - reproduces in the body.

Environment - 14.03.2024
Scientists can now remove microplastics from our water with 94 per cent efficiency
Scientists can now remove microplastics from our water with 94 per cent efficiency
Waterloo researchers- new technology has the potential to reduce the plastic industry's carbon footprint  University of Waterloo researchers have created a new technology that can remove harmful microplastics from contaminated water with 94 per cent efficiency. The amount of plastic pollution in our ecosystem has become an increasingly alarming concern globally.

Life Sciences - 13.03.2024
Surprising bacterium from Canadian lake shines new light on ancient photosynthesis
Surprising bacterium from Canadian lake shines new light on ancient photosynthesis
From -failed- experiment to world-changing discovery, Waterloo PhD candidate turns unexpected bacterial sample into novel research Sometimes an experiment doesn't go as planned. That's science. But a -failed- experiment or unexpected results can be the avenue to a discovery you could never anticipate.

Health - 12.03.2024
Study challenges alarming U.S. maternal death rate reports
Study challenges alarming U.S. maternal death rate reports
Reports of a dramatic upward trend in the U.S. maternal death rate are being challenged by new UBC research published today in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology .

Environment - Innovation - 11.03.2024
Snow study takes flight
Snow study takes flight
Global Futures Research into remote snowpacks unveils insights into climate change, water resource management and the future of our planet A research team led by Dr. Richard Kelly, a professor in Geography and Environmental Management at Waterloo, uses a novel radar-based technology to provide more insight into snowpacks and their implications for climate change, water resource management and hazard prediction.

Sport - 11.03.2024
Going top shelf with AI to better track hockey data
Going top shelf with AI to better track hockey data
Waterloo researchers get an assist from AI in identifying hockey players with greater accuracy and speed Researchers from the University of Waterloo got a valuable assist from artificial intelligence (AI) tools to help capture and analyze data from professional hockey games faster and more accurately than ever before, with big implications for the business of sports.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 11.03.2024
Replacing some refined sugar with maple syrup would reduce metabolic harm
Replacing some refined sugar with maple syrup would reduce metabolic harm
In mice, partial substitution reduces refined sugar digestion, intestinal glucose absorption and lipid accumulation in the liver Replacing some of the refined sugar we consume every day with maple syrup could alleviate some of the negative effects of a diet rich in fats and sugars. At least, that's what a study published by a Laval University team in the American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism suggests.

Health - Pharmacology - 11.03.2024
Promoting an optimal immune response: lessons from COVID-19
Promoting an optimal immune response: lessons from COVID-19
A new study suggests that a combined vaccine approach could be an effective avenue for preventing severe SARS-CoV-2 infections and reducing transmission of COVID-19. A study led by Dr. Hélène Decaluwe , professor in the Department of Pediatrics at the Université de Montréal and researcher at CHU Sainte-Justine, suggests that a combined approach of intramuscular and mucosal vaccines could be an effective avenue for preventing severe SARS-CoV-2 infections and reducing transmission of COVID-19.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.03.2024
New study expands understanding of brain blood flow and neurological disorders
New study expands understanding of brain blood flow and neurological disorders
The hippocampus - a seahorse-shaped region of the brain which plays a particularly important role in cognitive aging and memory function - has been studied as a singular region for several years. However, there remains a gap in understanding the factors underlying ageor disease-related changes between the different regions of the hippocampus, or subfields, until now.