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Environment - Earth Sciences - 17.11.2022
Millions at risk as drylands degrade, finds study
Millions at risk as drylands degrade, finds study
Drylands are experiencing increasingly levels of degradation and desertification, changes that could put already vulnerable populations at greater risk. A research team, including Natasha MacBean , conducted an examination of dryland productivity and its important role in global carbon and water cycling, to understand the impact of climate change and human activity on future dryland ecosystem functioning.

Earth Sciences - Astronomy / Space Science - 16.11.2022
New observation method helps unlock secrets of U.K. meteorite
New observation method helps unlock secrets of U.K. meteorite
The Winchcombe meteorite, a rare carbonaceous meteorite which crashed onto a driveway in Gloucestershire in 2021, has been found to contain extra-terrestrial water and organic compounds that reveal insights into the origin of Earth's oceans. A new study, published today by Science Advances , led by experts from the Natural History Museum and the University of Glasgow reports the orbital history and first laboratory analyses of the Winchcombe meteorite, which was recovered only hours after its spectacular fireball lit up the skies over the U.K. in February 2021.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 10.11.2022
A river runs beneath it: new study discovers a 460-km river under the Antarctica ice sheet
A river runs beneath it: new study discovers a 460-km river under the Antarctica ice sheet
The discovery of a 460 km river under the Antarctica ice sheet could be the missing link to climate models. A team of researchers led by Dr. Christine Dow, a professor in the department of Geography and Environmental Management and cross-appointed to the Department of Applied Mathematics, discovered the river from a series of airborne radar surveys and modelling.

Earth Sciences - Chemistry - 28.09.2022
Predicting the next volcanic eruption, plus other stories
Predicting the next volcanic eruption, plus other stories
Predicting the next volcanic eruption Volcanic eruptions can be tricky to predict. Magma stored below volcanoes contains dissolved gases, including carbon dioxide, which escape to the surface and can be sampled at different times (before, after or during) an eruption to provide clues about the next one.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 16.08.2022
Earth sciences researchers locate billion-year-old groundwater in South Africa
Earth sciences researchers locate billion-year-old groundwater in South Africa
An international team of researchers has discovered groundwater that is more than a billion years old deep below Earth's surface - only the  second time such a discovery has been made. The water, which is 1.2 billion years old, was recovered from a goldand uranium-producing mine in Moab Khotsong, South Africa, confirming that groundwater of such a vintage is more abundant than previously thought.

Earth Sciences - Health - 25.07.2022
Researchers aim to predict cardiac events with AI technique used to analyze earthquakes
Researchers aim to predict cardiac events with AI technique used to analyze earthquakes
Sebastian Goodfellow , an assistant professor in the University of Toronto's department of civil and mineral engineering, and his team have partnered with researchers at The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) to help detect and diagnose heart arrhythmias. The project, supported by grant from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, aims to leverage techniques developed by Goodfellow and his colleague in their previous work, which involves using artificial intelligence (AI) to analyze seismic data.

Earth Sciences - 19.07.2022
The Earth's crust has been 'dripping' beneath the Andes Mountains for millions of years: Researchers
The Earth’s crust has been ’dripping’ beneath the Andes Mountains for millions of years: Researchers
Just like honey slowly dripping from a spoon, parts of the rocky outermost layer of Earth's shell are continuously sinking into the more fluid layer of the planet's mantle over the course of millions of years. Known as lithospheric dripping - named for the fragmenting of rocky material that makes up Earth's crust and upper mantle - the process results in significant deformations at the surface such as basins, folding of the crust and irregular elevations.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 19.07.2022
New map shows where fracking-induced earthquakes could hit in Canada
Maps help us to better understand and predict induced seismicity during subsurface engineering processes Scientists from the University of Waterloo have developed a map showing which regions and population centres of Western Canada are likely to experience earthquakes induced by underground energy extraction.

Life Sciences - Earth Sciences - 13.07.2022
Fighting climate change with deep-sea water
Microbes deep down in the ocean could be a good tool to transform carbon into more stable molecules, a laboratory study at UdeM suggests. Marine biologists have long known the power of microbes to transform carbon released by surface phytoplankton - algae on the surface of the sea - into more stable molecules.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 13.07.2022
Two volcanic eruptions forever changed the brown kiwi
Two volcanic eruptions forever changed the brown kiwi
When two massive volcanic eruptions blanketed New Zealand in ash, they forever changed the genetics of the brown kiwi bird, a new study from the University of Toronto Scarborough has found. The brown kiwi are split into four distinct lineages that inhabit different parts of New Zealand's North Island.

Astronomy / Space Science - Earth Sciences - 07.07.2022
NASA data to decipher clouds of sand on distant planets
Brown dwarfs - celestial objects that fall between stars and planets - are shown in this illustration with a range of temperatures, from hottest (left) to coldest (right). The two in the middle represent those in the right temperature range for clouds made of silicates to form. (Illustration by NASA/JPL-Caltech) A new study led by researchers at Western University provides critical information on sand clouds observed in distant planets and helps affirm a larger theory of how planetary atmospheres work.

Earth Sciences - Astronomy / Space Science - 14.04.2022
Western researcher confirms hottest rock on record
Western researcher confirms hottest rock on record
A sample of black glass that recorded at 2,370 C temperature (Source: Gavin Tolometti) If there was ever any doubt the 2011 discovery by a post-doctoral candidate was indeed the hottest rock on Earth, new findings from a Western-led research team are putting that uncertainty to rest.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 24.02.2022
The secret of mycorrhizal fungi
The secret of mycorrhizal fungi
Researchers from Université de Montréal have found that mycorrhizas promote greater tree species diversity in North American forests. Fungi, specifically those that are "mycorrhizal," are natural allies of the forest because they improve tree nutrient acquisition.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 31.01.2022
What the rise of oxygen on early Earth tells us about life on other planets
What the rise of oxygen on early Earth tells us about life on other planets
When did the Earth reach oxygen levels sufficient to support animal life? Researchers from McGill University have discovered that a rise in oxygen levels occurred in step with the evolution and expansion of complex, eukaryotic ecosystems. Their findings represent the strongest evidence to date that extremely low oxygen levels exerted an important limitation on evolution for billions of years.