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Health - Life Sciences - 20.02.2024
Researchers are using RNA in a new approach to fight HIV
Society learned about the value of mRNA during the COVID-19 pandemic when we saw scientists and medical professionals harness its power to deliver a vaccine for the virus within a year. Now, University of Waterloo pharmacy associate professor Emmanuel Ho has developed a novel nanomedicine loaded with genetic material called small interfering RNAs (siRNA) to fight human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) using gene therapy.

Career - Psychology - 20.02.2024
Lessons from the pandemic: the trouble with working from home
Researchers in Canada and France followed 700 office workers for six months in 2020 and 2021 to see how they were coping. Their findings reveal a less than favorable outlook on extensive remote work. Remember when COVID-19 hit, and suddenly everyone was working from home? Well, a team of researchers in Montreal and Paris decided to dig deeper into how this shift affected office workers during the pandemic.

Health - 20.02.2024
Energy poverty in Canada
As many as one in five Canadian households can be considered to be in energy poverty, according to researchers from McGill University. Energy poverty occurs when households cannot afford or access the levels of energy necessary to meet their daily needs, live decent lives, and maintain healthy indoor temperatures all'year round.

Life Sciences - Health - 19.02.2024
How the brain develops in unborn babies
An UdeM-led study reveals the combined effect of genetics and food availability, and points the way forward to promoting cortical growth after birth in small babies. Postdoctoral fellow Daniel Vosberg and CHU Sainte-Justine researcher and Université de Montréal medical professor Tomas Paus Credit: Véronique Lavoie, CHU Sainte-Justine A new population-based study led by CHU Sainte-Justine researcher and Université de Montréal medical professor Tomas Paus reveals the roles of maternal and fetal genes in the growth of a baby's cerebral cortex.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.02.2024
Stress is higher for women in long-term relationships
Stress is higher for women in long-term relationships
In long-time couples, women are more affected than men by the cumulative effects of stress as measured by the physiological indicator known as allostatic load, a U.S.-Canada study suggests. The chronic stress that builds up over decades in a relationship affects each member of the couple differently; in heterosexual couples, the woman is more likely to display negative physiological markers than her spouse.

Environment - 16.02.2024
Uncertainty in measuring biodiversity change could hinder progress towards global targets for nature
Uncertainty in measuring biodiversity change could hinder progress towards global targets for nature
Researchers find it could be difficult to detect biodiversity improvements due to conservation action for nature and suggest practical solutions to guide conservation More than ever before, there is a growing interest in dedicating resources to stop the loss of biodiversity, as recently exemplified by the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) decided at COP15 in December 2022.

Health - Sport - 16.02.2024
Can smells improve your athletic performance?
Yes, they can, says Mathieu Cournoyer, a master's student in human kinetics who's done a review of 19 studies on the topic. Did you know that the scent of peppermint can make you run faster? That a whiff of ammonia will make you do a few more push-ups than usual? Or that the fragrance of jasmine can improve your bowling score? Those and other findings were made by Mathieu Cournoyer, a master's student in UdeM's School of Kinesiology and Human Kinetics, who reviewed 19 studies on the effect of olfactory stimulation on physical activity.

Chemistry - Innovation - 15.02.2024
Building green tech one metallic layer at a time
Building green tech one metallic layer at a time
Researchers partner with industry to advance innovation in decarbonization By Faculty of Engineering Faculty of Engineering In the quest to reach zero emissions by 2050, Waterloo engineering researcher Dr. Xianguo Li and Dr. Samaneh Shahgaldi from Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières (UQTR) are working with industry partners to develop more efficient, durable, cost-effective fuel cells.

Psychology - 15.02.2024
How parents can help prevent the development of ADHD symptoms
ADHD can be stemmed through specific parenting behaviours Parents of young children with an excitable or exuberant temperament could adapt their parenting style to help moderate their child's potential development of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), according to a new study co-authored by a University of Waterloo researcher.

Astronomy / Space - Earth Sciences - 14.02.2024
Saturn's largest moon most likely non-habitable
Saturn’s largest moon most likely non-habitable
A study led by astrobiologist Catherine Neish for Western University shows the subsurface ocean of Titan - the largest moon of Saturn - is most likely a non-habitable environment, meaning any hope of finding life in the icy world is dead in the water. This discovery means it is far less likely that space scientists and astronauts will ever find life in the outer solar system, home to the four 'giant' planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune.

Psychology - 14.02.2024
Western researchers examine intimate relationships  
Valentine's Day means the stores are filled with hearts and chocolate and florists are rushing to fill orders. But beyond cards and candy, what factors make for a strong relationship that lasts?  Why do some relationships break down and others flourish? How does a relationship progress to a long-term partnership? How important is sexual compatibility in a successful relationship?  These are among the questions researchers in Western's psychology department are examining, through relationship studies involving feedback from couples in intimate relationships.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.02.2024
A 'heart on a chip'
A ’heart on a chip’
Developed in Montreal, the device - a 3D-bioprinted, miniaturized chip - promises to advance understanding of cardiovascular disease and aid in the development of new precision treatments. Scientists at the Centre de recherche Azrieli du CHU Sainte-Justine, affiliated with Université de Montreal, have developed a device that accurately simulates the electrical activity, mechanics and physiology of a human heart.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.02.2024
Study explores why South Asians have higher rates of heart disease
Study explores why South Asians have higher rates of heart disease
Team led by researchers from Western, St. Michael's Hospital and U of T finds deficient vessel repair a major factor A new study involving researchers at Western University, St. Michael's Hospital and University of Toronto has found that South Asians with either heart disease or diabetes had fewer vascular regenerative and reparative cells compared to white European patients.

Health - Life Sciences - 13.02.2024
New understanding of avian eggshell attachment
Athletes often suffer injuries to ligaments in their knee s, particularly to the anterior cruciate ligament or ACL. W hile surgery to replace these torn ligaments is becoming increasingly common around the world it often needs to be re peated. That's because it has proved challenging to anchor fibrous, soft and wet ligament grafting material into hard bone.

Health - Pharmacology - 12.02.2024
Can hydrogels help mend a broken heart?
Researchers design gel from wood pulp to heal damaged heart tissue and improve cancer treatments You can mend a broken heart this Valentine's Day now that researchers invented a new hydrogel that can be used to heal damaged heart tissue and improve cancer treatments. University of Waterloo chemical engineering researcher Dr. Elisabeth Prince teamed up with researchers from the University of Toronto and Duke University to design the synthetic material made using cellulose nanocrystals, which are derived from wood pulp.

Career - Pedagogy - 12.02.2024
An innovation engine: adapting a successful learning model
Applying the benefits from WE Accelerate work-integrated learning pilot for first-year co-op students to different learners By Matthew King Co-operative Education and Experiential Education In 2020, the negative impact of the global pandemic was particularly challenging for co-op students in their first work term.

Health - 12.02.2024
A new era in wound care
Hydrogels are engineered materials, which absorb and retain water and are currently used in various medical treatments, including dressing wounds. The problem with current hydrogels is that they adhere indiscriminately to all surfaces, which means that wound dressing can potentially damage delicate tissue as it is healing.

Life Sciences - Health - 09.02.2024
Making AI a partner in neuroscientific discovery
New paper argues that Large Language Models can reveal breakthroughs humans alone cannot The past year has seen major advances in Large Language Models (LLMs) such as ChatGPT. The ability of these models to interpret and produce human text sources (and other sequence data) has implications for people in many areas of human activity.

Health - 09.02.2024
Results for: National study seeks to close research gaps for kids with chronic gastrointestinal inflammation
Canada has among the highest rates of Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in the world, averaging a new IBD diagnosis every 48 minutes. The onset of paediatric IBD was found in more than nine children per 100,000 in 2023 according to the Crohn's and Colitis Canada 2023 Impact Report. Dr. Jennifer deBruyn, MD, is the co-chair of  the Canadian Children Inflammatory Bowel Disease Network (CIDsCaNN) and first author of a new study comparing two advanced treatment options for paediatric Crohn's disease, a type of IBD in children that she says needs further research.

Social Sciences - Environment - 08.02.2024
Surprising new evidence on happiness and wealth
Survey of people living in small, rural communities around the world suggests income not key to happiness Global polls typically show that people in industrialized countries where incomes are relatively high report greater levels of satisfaction with life than those in low-income countries. But now the first large-scale survey to look at happiness in small, non-industrialized communities living close to nature paints quite a different picture.