Life Sciences

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Health - Life Sciences - 24.07.2024
SFU breakthrough ID’s gene that may reverse Parkinson’s disease
Researchers at Simon Fraser University in collaboration with a group from Baylor College of Medicine in Texas have identified a gene that appears to reverse Parkinson's disease symptoms in fruit flies. SFU's Verheyen lab discovered that increasing the amount of the fruit fly Cdk8 gene in flies with Parkinson's causes the disease's symptoms to reverse.

Health - Life Sciences - 23.07.2024
Stress granules play an unsuspected role in blood vessel formation
A study published in Nature Communications raises new hope for the development of treatments for vascular disease, cancer and diabetic retinopathy. The behaviour of the cells that make up our blood vessels is crucial to our well-being. Conditions such as inflammation, oxygen deprivation and viral infection can stress these cells and disrupt the formation of new, often pathological, blood vessels.

Life Sciences - Health - 22.07.2024
What the wild horse microbiome can teach us about health and longevity
What the wild horse microbiome can teach us about health and longevity
Groundbreaking Faculty of Veterinary Medicine research uncovers life-sustaining microbiome secrets in feral horses The University of Calgary Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (UCVM) is at the forefront of a breakthrough investigation into the gut microbiomes of feral horses. The study, published in Nature Communications , is the first of its kind to provide robust evidence of the significant role microbiomes play in animal survival in the wild and has far-reaching implications for both animal and environmental health.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.07.2024
Study sheds light on origins of schizophrenia in the brain, offering hope for targeted treatments and better diagnosis
Gradual reopening continues on downtown campus. See Campus Public Safety website for details. La réouverture graduelle du campus du centre-ville se poursuit. Complément d'information : Direction de la protection et de la prévention.

Environment - Life Sciences - 02.07.2024
How climate change is affecting where species live
As the climate warms, many species are on the move, raising new challenges for policy-makers around the world. Shifts in the ranges of mosquitoes and disease-bearing ticks and bats are introducing illnesses such as malaria and Lyme disease into regions where health-care systems are unprepared. Movements of commercially important fish from one jurisdiction to another are shifting job opportunities and causing trade disputes.

Life Sciences - Health - 27.06.2024
Spinal cord formation in the embryo: the role of a protein family understood
The discovery of the role played by -arrestins in the formation of the spinal cord at the embryonic stage opens up the prospect of exploring mechanisms that could repair spinal cord damage.

Health - Life Sciences - 27.06.2024
Vaccination may reduce memory loss from COVID-19 infections 
Western's Dr. Robyn Klein collaborated on study pinpointing a driver of COVID-induced cognitive changes Since the outset of the COVID-19 pandemic, 10 to 30 per cent of the general population has experienced some form of virus-induced cognitive impairment, including trouble concentrating, brain fog or memory loss.

Life Sciences - Health - 18.06.2024
Link between genetics and coffee intake
Link between genetics and coffee intake
Study from Schulich Medicine & Dentistry and the University of California San Diego suggests a genetic predisposition for coffee intake It's 9 a.m. and coffee shops are bustling with the line for the drive-thru wrapped around the building. This is a common occurrence around the globe as coffee is one of the most widely consumed beverages.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 06.06.2024
Maple syrup to improve animal health
Maple syrup to improve animal health
A probiotic made from maple syrup with flavor defects could theoretically enrich the gut microbiota of farm animals, improve their resistance to disease and reduce the need for antibiotics Approximately 2% of the 200 million pounds of maple syrup produced each year in Quebec suffers from a flavor defect that makes it more suitable for use as an ingredient in processed products than for consumption in its natural state.

Health - Life Sciences - 27.05.2024
Sanfilippo syndrome: Major advancement towards developing a treatment
For the first time, a team co-led by Alexey Pshezhetsky resolved the structure of the enzyme deficient in Sanfilippo disease, a rare pediatric neurodegenerative disorder. For the first time, a team co-led by CHU Sainte-Justine researcher and professor in the Faculty of Medicine at Université de Montréal, Alexey Pshezhetsky has succeeded in resolving the unique structure of the HGSNAT enzyme, a deficiency of which causes Sanfilippo syndrome, a rare pediatric disease affecting the central nervous system.

Environment - Life Sciences - 22.05.2024
Australian study proves 'humans are planet's most frightening predator'
Australian study proves ’humans are planet’s most frightening predator’
Australia lacks fearsome large carnivores like lions and wolves, and the relative lack of fear that marsupials like kangaroos and wallabies show to dogs (and other introduced carnivores) has been attributed to a lack of evolutionary experience with large mammalian predators.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.05.2024
Study underscores new strategies to fight drug-resistant bacteria
The team, including McGill Professor Jesse Shapiro, conducted one of the largest genetic studies to analyze the dynamic relationship between cholera bacteria, their bacteriophages and antibiotics Several billion years ago, a genetic arms race began between bacteria and their viral killers. This seemingly eternal struggle continues today, with implications for diseases killing tens of thousands of people around the world each year.

Health - Life Sciences - 02.05.2024
Musical medicine: health benefits of hearing music for older adults
Musical medicine: health benefits of hearing music for older adults
Listening to music benefits older adults' cognitive health, even if it's music they haven't heard before or don't enjoy very much, according to a study by Simon Fraser University and Health Research BC researchers. Led by SFU neuroscientist Sarah Faber, the study published in Network Neuroscience discovered that listening to music activates brain regions linked to reward in older adults, regardless of their familiarity with the music.

Computer Science - Life Sciences - 29.04.2024
Identifying the next deadly virus
Identifying the next deadly virus
Researchers from the University of Waterloo have successfully classified 191 previously unidentified astroviruses using a new machine learning-enabled classification process. Astroviruses are some of the most damaging and widespread viruses in the world. These viruses cause severe diarrhea, which kills more than 440,000 children under the age of five annually.

Life Sciences - Health - 25.04.2024
’Antennae’ of cells: a protein plays a major role
Researchers in Quebec and California demonstrate a new aspect of what is required for the cellular structure cilium to transmit signals so that the body's cells can work as they should. The essential role played by a protein in the functioning of cells is revealed in new work from the laboratory of Université de Montréal medical professor Frédéric Charron , holder of the Canada Research Chair in Developmental Neurobiology.

Life Sciences - 24.04.2024
Why can't robots outrun animals?
Why can’t robots outrun animals?
Robotics engineers have worked for decades and invested many millions of research dollars in attempts to create a robot that can walk or run as well as an animal. And yet, it remains the case that many animals are capable of feats that would be impossible for robots that exist today.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.04.2024
Millions of gamers advance biomedical research
Millions of gamers advance biomedical research
Leveraging gamers and video game technology can dramatically boost scientific research according to a new study published today in Nature Biotechnology . 4.5 million gamers around the world have advanced medical science by helping to reconstruct microbial evolutionary histories using a minigame included inside the critically and commercially successful video game, Borderlands 3 .

Health - Life Sciences - 10.04.2024
Keys to the genome: unlocking the package
Scientists at the Montreal Clinical Research Institute have discovered the molecular mechanisms responsible for opening up the human genome and expressing new genes. Done in the laboratory of Jacques Drouin , director of the IRCM's Molecular Genetics Research Unit, the find marks an important step towards understanding the mechanisms underlying the genome.

Psychology - Life Sciences - 09.04.2024
Who does what better: a non-binary view
A research team led by UdeM's Robert-Paul Juster has shown that performance on some cognitive tasks is better predicted by gender identity than by sex assigned at birth. Many studies have found sex differences in cognitive abilities. In general, women outperform men on verbal and fine motor tasks, while men outperform women on spatial orientation and mental rotation tasks.

Life Sciences - 05.04.2024
A promising discovery in a rare neurodegenerative disease
Imagine being middle aged and starting to feel that you are off balance a lot and that you are having a hard time coordinating your movements. Those are among the symptoms of Spinocerebellar ataxia type 6, known as SCA6, a rare neurodegenerative disease which typically appears in adulthood and worsens over time.
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