Life Sciences

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Life Sciences - 26.09.2023
Can a simple eye exam help diagnose autism?
Researchers studied a cohort of 400 children aged 9 to 10 in New Zealand who exhibited a full range of possible autism traits and conducted a variety of vision and visuomotor processing tests with them. Females are often underdiagnosed with being on the autism spectrum because they often mask their symptoms more successfully than males.

Health - Life Sciences - 26.09.2023
Fainting from needles may be alleviated by reducing pain - study
Feeling faint after your booster shot? A team of SFU researchers found that needle pain may increase the conditions that lead some people to faint. In a recent paper published in the journal Clinical Autonomic Research , the researchers suggest those with a fear of needles or history of fainting could benefit from topical anesthetics to help reduce the pain.

Life Sciences - Health - 19.09.2023
Assessing unintended consequences in AI-based neurosurgical training
Machine learning tutors affect learners in unforeseen ways, both positive and negative Virtual reality simulators can help learners improve their technical skills faster and with no risk to patients. In the field of neurosurgery, they allow medical students to practice complex operations before using a scalpel on a real patient.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.09.2023
HIV: two autopsies reveal where the virus hides
HIV: two autopsies reveal where the virus hides
A Canadian research team shows for the first time that HIV reservoirs are concentrated in the spleen and lymph nodes, and that they can travel throughout the body. A small number of HIV-infected cells remain in the tissues of people living with the virus and who are undergoing antiretroviral therapy.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.09.2023
AI to predict recovery after serious brain injury
AI to predict recovery after serious brain injury
Two graduate students from Western University have developed a ground-breaking method for predicting which intensive care unit (ICU) patients will survive a severe brain injury. Matthew Kolisnyk and Karnig Kazazian combined functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with state-of-the art machine learning techniques to tackle one of the most complex issues in critical care.

Health - Life Sciences - 08.09.2023
Breakthrough on preeclampsia cure
Breakthrough on preeclampsia cure
Researchers have made groundbreaking progress towards identifying the root cause and potential therapy for preeclampsia. The pregnancy complication affects up to eight per cent of pregnancies globally and is the leading cause of maternal and fetal mortality due to premature delivery, complications with the placenta and lack of oxygen.

Life Sciences - Health - 05.09.2023
COVID infections in animals - a key to the ongoing trajectory of the pandemic?
COVID infections in animals - a key to the ongoing trajectory of the pandemic?
Tracking viral transmissions between humans and animals could help identify successful mutations The COVID-19 pandemic was probably caused by the transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 virus from animals to humans, and it has been reported anecdotally that the virus can pass from humans to different animal species, too.

Life Sciences - Health - 27.08.2023
How we see the world
A team of Montreal scientists identifies an important new mechanism that's key to helping humans see in 3D. Scentists in Montreal have identified a key mechanism involved in the growth of nerve cells that are critical to mediate binocular vision, which allows people to see the world in three dimensions.

Life Sciences - Environment - 23.08.2023
The search for the super potato 
Scientists have assembled the genome sequences of nearly 300 varieties of potatoes and its wild relatives to develop more nutritious, disease-free, and weather-proof crop As climate change continues to pose severe challenges to ensuring sustainable food supplies around the world, scientists from McGill University are looking for ways to improve the resilience and nutritional quality of potatoes.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.08.2023
Meet the innovators creating affordable tech for low-resource communities 
Meet the innovators creating affordable tech for low-resource communities 
At Western, researchers have been working on innovations in health care intended for communities in resource-constrained environments. The Frugal Biomedical Innovations Program has launched 15 catalyst grants to support these innovations, which will help in diagnosis of diseases and in therapy, while costing less to operate or maintain.

Health - Life Sciences - 03.08.2023
Study suggests cannabis use during pregnancy could cause lifelong cognitive deficits
Western researchers also find impact of prenatal cannabis exposure on cognition and memory differs by sex While previous research has shown that prenatal cannabis exposure can obstruct the normal growth of a fetus, the long-term impacts on brain development are still unknown. Western researchers are now providing fresh insight into this area, while also identifying a possible direction to treat the adverse effects.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 03.08.2023
Researchers partner on interdisciplinary salmon conservation
Reversing a 40-year decline in Pacific salmon populations requires a collaborative approach that combines traditional Indigenous knowledge with archaeology and genomics. A new project, funded by Genome BC, involves a team of researchers from the Tsleil-Waututh Nation, Simon Fraser University's Department of Archaeology and the University of British Columbia's Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries.

Health - Life Sciences - 01.08.2023
What happened to the eggs?
Veterinary scientists at UdeM think they've unlocked a key reason behind infertility in women: they have too little of an important protein called SF-1. Epidemiological studies have shown that infertility affects 12 to 15 per cent of couples of reproductive age in developed countries, and at least 25 per cent in underdeveloped ones - overall, 186 million people worldwide.

Life Sciences - Health - 18.07.2023
Progressing undetected for years
A team of Université de Montréal scientists tries to better understand the resilience of the brain during the asymptomatic period of Parkinson's disease - and makes a surprising finding. Have you or someone close to you just been diagnosed with Parkinson's disease? Well, chances the disease has been progressing quietly but insidiously for more than 10 years, new research shows.

Life Sciences - Health - 11.07.2023
Hidden gene pokes holes in preconceptions
Professor Sophie Breton and her team have discovered a hidden gene in the human mitochondrial genome. Mitochondrial DNA, with its relatively small number of base pairs (around 16,000 compared with 3 billion in nuclear DNA), was sequenced almost 45 years ago. "Once mitochondrial DNA was sequenced, it didn't take long to go through it," said Sophie Breton, a professor in Université de Montréal's Department of Biological Sciences.

Life Sciences - Mathematics - 27.06.2023
Vision allows brain to make predictions well before it knows what's coming
Vision allows brain to make predictions well before it knows what’s coming
Vision allows brain to make predictions well before it knows what's coming, new study shows Blending math and AI, Western researchers developed neural network model able to predict individual moments in the future The moment a pitcher unleashes a fastball in the direction of Toronto Blue Jays shortstop Bo Bichette in a professional baseball game, the crowd at Rogers Centre hopes something special is about to happen.

Health - Life Sciences - 21.06.2023
Biodegradable gel shows promise for cartilage regeneration
Biodegradable gel shows promise for cartilage regeneration
Science, Health & Technology Alex Walls A gel that combines both stiffness and toughness is a step forward in the bid to create biodegradable implants for joint injuries, according to new UBC research. Mimicking articular cartilage, found in our knee and hip joints, is challenging. This cartilage is key to smooth joint movement, and damage to it can cause pain, reduce function, and lead to arthritis.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.06.2023
Probiotics positively influence honeybee health, Western research finds
Probiotics positively influence honeybee health, Western research finds
Research team studies how changing honeybee gut microbiota contributes to hive health and influences social behaviour Widespread pesticide-use and diminished floral diversity in the environment have contributed to the worsening susceptibility of honeybees to infectious disease, threatening their support of adequate pollination of food crops.

Life Sciences - Health - 05.06.2023
Moving towards a more inclusive approach to medicine
Release of pangenome representing wide diversity of individuals ushers in new understanding of human biology and disease The first human genome, which has served as the reference until now, was released approximately 20 years ago. It was a landmark accomplishment that had a huge impact on biomedical research and changed the way scientists study human biology.

Life Sciences - Music - 02.06.2023
Highschool student partners with SFU music specialist to research the developing teenage brain
Highschool student partners with SFU music specialist to research the developing teenage brain
When Burnaby eighth grader Advaith S. Iyer decided to participate in the Greater Vancouver Regional Science Fair (GVRSF) for the first time this spring an ambitious research idea emerged. Seeking to test the cognitive load - the amount of work the brain is doing - associated with playing musical instruments, his high school laboratory equipment was insufficient for his complex experiment.
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