Social Sciences

Results 1 - 20 of 65.
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Sport - Social Sciences - 29.03.2023
University of Toronto study explores the experiences of girls who play on mixed sports teams
University of Toronto study explores the experiences of girls who play on mixed sports teams
Young people who compete in sports are often organized into single-sex teams that compete separately. But what happens when youth have the opportunity to compete together? A group of researchers from the University of Toronto's Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education (KPE) set out to find out whether mixed teams provide girls with more opportunities to advance and compete in sports - and if they help dispel stereotypes and contribute to mutually respectful relationships.

Social Sciences - Politics - 29.03.2023
Does immigration really increase crime?
Study shows that migrants don't cause crime rates to increase but false perceptions endure Many people who oppose immigration say that it increases crime. But does immigration really affect crime? Studying a country whose proportion of migrants has tripled in less than ten years, researchers find immigration significantly impacts people's perceptions of crime but has no effect on actual crime.

Environment - Social Sciences - 24.03.2023
Six Waterloo researchers lend their expertise to the UN IPCC climate report
New report defines our understanding of the climate crisis and shapes our sustainable future Waterloo Climate Institute and Faculty of Environment After a six-year process, the leading world body for the assessment of climate change, the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), has released their final Synthesis Report that summarizes what we know about climate change and how to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Environment - Social Sciences - 20.03.2023
Forces that shape biodiversity
Forces that shape biodiversity
"If you pick a spot in, say, a rainforest, and count the number of different species of lizards within 15 metres and you come up with a number," says  Luke Mahler , "What determines that number?" Mahler is an assistant professor in the University of Toronto's department of ecology and evolutionary biology in the Faculty of Arts & Science.

Health - Social Sciences - 14.03.2023
Preventing type 2 diabetes in young people is possible without medication
Preventing type 2 diabetes in young people is possible without medication
All it takes is some physical activity every day and less time spent in front of a screen, Canadian researchers find.

Health - Social Sciences - 07.03.2023
Many parents report health risks prior to pregnancy: Study
We know that a person's health during pregnancy impacts their child's developmental trajectories, but what about parental health before conception? A new study led by  Cindy-Lee Dennis , a senior scientist at the Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute at Sinai Healthand a professor in the University of Toronto's Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, found that a significant number of Canadian women have poor preconception health or interconception health, which refers to the period between two pregnancies.

Health - Social Sciences - 24.02.2023
LGB and more likely to die
A new epidemiological study finds that lesbian, gay and bisexual people in Canada have higher preventable death rates than their heterosexual counterparts. CONTENU - The scientific literature has repeatedly shown health gaps between lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) and heterosexual people. In 2020, for instance, Statistics Canada reported that members of the LGB community were three times more likely to have experienced physical or sexual violence at some point in their lives.

Health - Social Sciences - 15.02.2023
What factors influence children’s learning of fear?
A study shows that children who have a strong physiological concordance as well as an insecure attachment relationship with their parents are more prone to be afraid based on what they see. CONTENU - Many fears develop during childhood. And the scientific literature is quite clear: learning to fear through observation is common especially in children who take their parents as models and learn to fear a stimulus without being directly exposed to an aversive situation.

Social Sciences - 08.02.2023
How our own identity impacts how we judge others
People most likely to be stereotyped based on racial-gender combination were less likely to hold certain race-gender stereotypes against others How does our own identity impact how we perceive and judge others? Research from McGill University has found that those who are most likely to be stereotyped based on their combined racial and gender identity, such as Black women and Asian men, were less likely to hold certain stereotypes against others.

Social Sciences - Media - 20.01.2023
When the screen harms the teen
Adolescents face problems of lowered self-esteem and higher risk of symptoms associated with eating disorders by spending so much time on social media, a new study finds. CONTENU - Patricia Conrod Increased social media use by teenagers is associated with a decrease in their self-esteem and a growth of symptoms associated with eating disorders, according to a new Canadian study.

Social Sciences - Health - 09.01.2023
Building trust for experts
Talking about complex societal issues requires trusted experts to combat disinformation Faculty of Arts Dr. Ashley Rose Mehlenbacher is the Canada Research Chair in Science, Health and Technology Communication and leading expert on how communication practices shape how people engage with scientific and technical subject matters.

Social Sciences - 06.01.2023
Marital breakdown: social support is both very limited and very important for men
Marital breakdown: social support is both very limited and very important for men
While men who have experienced a separation often try to cope on their own, a qualitative study shows the importance of educating them to seek help "I couldn't see anything. I wasn't focused on my work, I was completely. I was like in the middle of the ocean, no fleet." This testimony from Antoine, 61, illustrates the distress that men can feel after a marital breakup.

Criminology / Forensics - Social Sciences - 20.12.2022
Sex offenders: 70% drop in recidivism rate
Study led by Professor Patrick Lussier shows significant decline in recidivism of sex crimes in Canada over 80 years Encouraging news: between 1940 and 2019, the recidivism rate of sex offenders in this country has dropped by nearly 70%, according to a study published in the journal Criminology and Public Policy .

Health - Social Sciences - 01.12.2022
Researchers analyze hair to study war trauma among Syrian refugee children   
Researchers analyze hair to study war trauma among Syrian refugee children   
There's more to a strand of hair than meets the eye. This human tissue is a chronological record-keeper of the adversities endured by the human body and mind. A new study co-authored by researchers at Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry's Drug Safety Lab analyzes the relationship between war exposure, current living conditions, hair cortisol concentrations (HCC) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms.

Social Sciences - 24.11.2022
Poverty and Instagram addiction
Poverty and Instagram addiction
Poverty linked to Facebook and Instagram addiction in teens Adolescents from lower-income backgrounds are more likely to report addictive use of social media, according to an international team of researchers including McGill University Professor Frank Elgar. The findings show a link between economic inequality and problematic use of social network platforms and instant messaging applications.

Health - Social Sciences - 23.11.2022
A new understanding of pain disparities among racial groups in U.S. 
A new understanding of pain disparities among racial groups in U.S. 
A new study co-authored by Western researcher Anna Zajacova shows that racial and ethnic disparities in pain prevalence in the U.S. are far larger than previously realized, with multiracial and Indigenous (Native American/Alaska Native) adults reporting the highest levels of pain. She says this finding is significant because pain can be used as a barometer of mental and physical health of a population.  "We aren't talking about one particular type of pain, we are looking at pain overall," said Zajacova, sociology professor at Western.

Health - Social Sciences - 17.11.2022
Greenspaces should support mental health among young adults
Greenspaces should support mental health among young adults
Even though many global cities incorporate greenspaces such as pocket parks and community gardens into their urban planning efforts, new UBC research shows those plans often fail to include the needs of youth and young adults between the ages of 15 and 24. As a result, this age demographic can miss out on the known social, physical and mental health benefits of these nature-based solutions.

Health - Social Sciences - 15.11.2022
How should we navigate the next pandemic?
How should we navigate the next pandemic?
COVID-19 is the ninth pandemic, or large-scale epidemic, the world has experienced in the past century - and it won't be the last. To help the public and policymakers better navigate the next global outbreak, the University of Toronto has created the Institute for Pandemics (IFP) based at the Dalla Lana School of Public Health.

Health - Social Sciences - 17.10.2022
Some screen time better than none during children’s concussion recovery
Arts & Humanities Erik Rolfsen (Dr. Noah Silverberg) Too much screen time can slow children's recovery from concussions, but new research from UBC and the University of Calgary suggests that banning screen time is not the answer. The researchers looked for links between the self-reported screen time of more than 700 children aged 8-16 in the first 7-10 days following an injury, and symptoms reported by them and their caregivers over the following six months.

Social Sciences - 17.10.2022
University of Toronto researcher sheds new light on accusations against medieval poet Chaucer: New York Times
Long-held assumption about 14 -century English poet Geoffrey Chaucer are being challenged by new research co-led by the University of Toronto's Sebastian Sobecki and covered by The New York Times .
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