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Health - 13.11.2023
Advancing knowledge in diabetes
Advancing knowledge in diabetes
Scientists at the UdeM-affiliated IRCM identify a new mechanism and role for LDL in type 2 diabetes that could someday help prevent the disease. Canadian scientists have established for the first time a new mechanism and role for LDL in the development of type 2 diabetes, beyond its traditional role in the development of cardiovascular disease in humans.

Chemistry - Health - 13.11.2023
Shedding new light on sugars, the 'dark matter' of cellular biology
Shedding new light on sugars, the ’dark matter’ of cellular biology
UdeM chemists have developed a new tool for detecting interactions between sugars and lectins, a discovery that could help in the fight against diseases like cancer. Scientists at Université de Montréal's Department of Chemistry have developed a new fluorogenic probe that can be used to detect and study interactions between two families of biomolecules essential to life: sugars and proteins.

Health - Life Sciences - 09.11.2023
Prenatal exposure to cannabis may increase diabetes risk in offspring
Prenatal exposure to cannabis may increase diabetes risk in offspring
Western research shows prenatal exposure to cannabis may increase diabetes risk in offspring Study finds exposure to CBD impacts glucose intolerance in male rats Cannabis consumption is prevalent among pregnant women in North America, particularly those between the ages of 18 and 24 years, previous research has shown.

Health - Career - 09.11.2023
Working towards a healthy adult life
UdeM professors Nancy Beauregard and Véronique Dupéré are investigating the impact of balancing studies, work and personal life on students' mental health. Working many hours per week can be detrimental to young people's academic performance and well-being, but studies that explore the positive impacts of work on mental health are few and far between.

Life Sciences - Health - 06.11.2023
UdeM: where neuroscience meets AI
Groundbreaking research is being carried out in several Université de Montréal departments and research institutes to link artificial intelligence and the functions of the brain. The disciplines of neuroscience and artificial intelligence (AI) are intricately linked. The structure of the brain inspired the artificial neural networks of AI systems, and the machine learning techniques of AI, in particular deep learning, are modelled on the functioning of the mind.

Health - 06.11.2023
Learning more about how flu strains evolved may help guide future vaccine development - SFU research
Simon Fraser researchers studying the evolutionary history of flu viruses have found that a new quantitative analysis of how they evolved may help predict future strains. The research draws on a field known as phylogenetics, which focuses on how groups of organisms are evolutionarily related, and is published in the journal Science Advances.

Health - 03.11.2023
Repercussions all the way down to the cellular level
Social policies aimed at reducing poverty are associated with a decreased risk of dementia in people whose brains exhibit the pathological changes typical of Alzheimer's. Could reducing poverty go hand-in-hand with reducing the risk of developing dementia, the kind in which an elderly person shows signs of Alzheimer's disease but is cognitively healthy and autonomous?

Health - Psychology - 02.11.2023
Long-term care COVID restrictions took toll on families' mental health, reveals study
Long-term care COVID restrictions took toll on families’ mental health, reveals study
Family members felt sadness, grief at seeing decline in health of older adults due to social distancing Restrictions on social access had a direct impact not only on the well-being of older adults in long-term care (LTC) but also their family members during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a new study by Western researchers.

Psychology - Health - 02.11.2023
When dads are feeling a bit depressed or anxious, how do kids fare?
Unexpected research findings shed a new light on the connection between fathers' mental health and children's behavioural and cognitive development Many parents experience stress, anxiety, and depressive symptoms throughout their lives, particularly during times of transition, such as pregnancy and children's entry into school.

Health - Sport - 01.11.2023
Hockey head impact research highlights need to improve injury prevention
Hockey head impact research highlights need to improve injury prevention
Simon Fraser researchers are learning more about how the scenarios for head impacts in hockey-from player clashes to contact with the boards or glass-affect impact severity. Their findings, reported in the journal Scientific Reports , should help to inform improvements in injury prevention. In a follow-up to their previous study on how hockey head impacts occur, researchers returned to a Burnaby rink to follow 43 university men's hockey players over another three seasons (2016-2019).

Health - Social Sciences - 26.10.2023
COVID-19 pandemic and prison compounded risk of overdose deaths by up to 50 per cent
COVID-19 pandemic and prison compounded risk of overdose deaths by up to 50 per cent
People in Ontario who had recently been incarcerated were at far greater risk of opioid toxicity death during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a new study from a Simon Fraser University researcher. The study, published in the journal PLOS One , by SFU criminologist Amanda Butler and colleagues from McMaster University and the University of Toronto, assessed the impacts of the pandemic on opioid toxicity death rates for individuals exposed and not exposed to incarceration in Ontario.

Social Sciences - Health - 24.10.2023
A relational framework for microbiome research that includes Indigenous communities
Research and collection of microbiome samples from Indigenous communities has a history of exploiting and harming Indigenous peoples Research on the trillions of microorganisms that make up a person's microbiome can lead to medical breakthroughs to treat diseases like inflammatory bowel syndrome and diabetes.

Health - 24.10.2023
The sunscreen paradox: McGill researchers warn of 'false sense of security'
The sunscreen paradox: McGill researchers warn of ’false sense of security’
Sunscreen is important, says Dr. Ivan Litvinov, but it is also the least effective way to protect your skin when compared to sun protective clothing and sun avoidance Sunscreen usage is climbing, but so are melanoma and skin cancer rates: this, researchers say, is the sunscreen paradox.

Social Sciences - Health - 20.10.2023
A relational framework for ethical microbiome research that includes Indigenous communities
Research and collection of microbiome samples from Indigenous communities has a history of exploiting and harming Indigenous peoples Research on the trillions of microorganisms that make up a person's microbiome can lead to medical breakthroughs to treat diseases like inflammatory bowel syndrome and diabetes.

Health - Pharmacology - 19.10.2023
Eye drug opens up new perspectives on obesity
Eye drug opens up new perspectives on obesity
A research team from Université Laval demonstrates how this drug acts on adipose tissue The ways of science are sometimes impenetrable, they say. Bimatoprost, a drug used to relieve ocular hypertension and give fuller eyelashes, is now helping to open up new horizons in the understanding and treatment of obesity.

Health - Pharmacology - 19.10.2023
New link found between diabetes and steatotic liver disease
A study at the UdeM-affiliated Montreal Clinical Research Insitute paves the way for more early diagnostic and therapeutic options to detect and treat these two major metabolic diseases. Canadian scientists have found a new link between two major metabolic diseases: diabetes and steatotic liver disease, commonly known as fatty liver disease.

Health - Psychology - 17.10.2023
Q and A with the experts: Examining high school student mental health post-pandemic
Dr. Mahmood Gohari discusses upward trends in depression and anxiety among youth Mental health issues had been a concern before the pandemic, but they came into focus even more during this time. In a  recent study , Dr. Mahmood Gohari from the University of Waterloo's  School of Public Health Sciences  used survey data from almost 5,400 Canadian adolescents to examine changes in depression and anxiety from 2018 until 2021.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.10.2023
Link between Alzheimer's disease and sex hormones
Link between Alzheimer’s disease and sex hormones
Western researchers reveal link between Alzheimer's disease and sex hormones Use of female animal models in the lab led to crucial finding Alzheimer's disease disproportionately affects women, who represent about two-thirds of those diagnosed with the late-onset type of the disease. Previous research has shown Alzheimer's is also more severe and progresses more rapidly in women, and women with Alzheimer's experience a steeper cognitive decline - loss of memory, attention, and the ability to communicate and make decisions - compared to men with the disease.

Health - Pharmacology - 16.10.2023
New 3D-printed tumour model enables faster, less expensive and less painful cancer treatment
Researchers combining bioprinting with synthetic chips to understand tumours in 3D An international team of interdisciplinary researchers has successfully created a method for better 3D modelling of complex cancers. The University of Waterloo-based team combined cutting-edge bioprinting techniques with synthetic structures or microfluidic chips.

Health - Life Sciences - 13.10.2023
Worldwide fertility crisis: why men really need a hand from science
A consortium of international experts gives 10 recommendations to increase the chances that men will experience the joys of fatherhood and have healthy children. Infertility now affects one in six couples of reproductive age according to the World Health Organisation. About half the time, it originates from men.