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Health - Life Sciences - 07.12.2023
Impact of nicotine vaping varies with age and sex 
Impact of nicotine vaping varies with age and sex 
New study on vapes challenges belief that adolescents experience less severe withdrawal symptoms from nicotine than adults  Vapes or e-cigarettes were introduced as a potentially safer alternative to traditional smoking to curb tobacco use. However, the popularity of vapes has risen among an age group it wasn't intended for: adolescents.

Life Sciences - Mathematics - 05.12.2023
New math approach provides insight into memory formation
New math approach provides insight into memory formation
The simple activity of walking through a room jumpstarts the neurons in the human brain. An explosion of electrochemical events or "neuronal spikes" appear at various times during the action. These spikes in activity, otherwise known as action potentials, are electrical impulses that occur when neurons communicate with one another.

Environment - Life Sciences - 04.12.2023
What skin piercings can teach us about environmental change
What skin piercings can teach us about environmental change
The first exploration of the piercing microbiome reveals how a sudden disturbance like a piercing can lead to a fundamental ecological shift that increases biodiversity and lay groundwork for developing skin piercings as a model for understanding how communities respond to rapid environmental change In a new study from McGill researchers bring science into an unexpected setting: a tattoo parlor.

Health - Life Sciences - 01.12.2023
New hope for patients with NAFLD
New hope for patients with NAFLD
Groundbreaking work by IRCM scientists using an RNA-based therapeutic approach gives hope for a future cure for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a major health problem affecting approximately 30 percent of people in Western countries and which has been in sharp increase over the last three decades.

Environment - Life Sciences - 01.12.2023
Researchers sound out Canadian military's plan to combat ocean noise pollution
Researchers sound out Canadian military’s plan to combat ocean noise pollution
A new study from Simon Fraser researchers examines the Canadian military's efforts to reduce the impacts of underwater noise pollution on species during training exercises in the Pacific Ocean but caveat that more can still be done. The paper, published today in Marine Policy , takes aim at a report commissioned by the Canadian Department of National Defence (DND) to reduce the effects of noise pollution from military small-arms munitions training within "Whiskey Hotel", a 330-square-kilometre area in the Strait of Juan de Fuca off the British Columbia coast.

Health - Life Sciences - 30.11.2023
3D printing of heart valves: A major breakthrough by a research team
3D printing of heart valves: A major breakthrough by a research team
Researchers at CHU Sainte-Justine find a way to use 3D printing to produce heart valves for eventual use in surgery on children with cardiac defects. In a breakthrough in pediatric cardiac science, Canadian researchers have successfully produced a bio-ink that could someday be used to print functional, durable heart valves, offering hope for improving the prognosis of children with heart defects.

Health - Life Sciences - 27.11.2023
Unlocking the secret strength of marine mussels
Discovery may lead to medical advances in bio-implants, wearable sensors, and more How do you create strong, yet quick-release connections between living and non-living tissues? This is a question that continues to puzzle bioengineers who aim to create materials that bond together for advanced biomedical applications.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 21.11.2023
Unlocking the impact of early-life adversity on brain function
Do adults with a history of childhood trauma have altered brain responses to psychological challenges? Previous studies indicated that this can occur in laboratory animals, but it has been unclear whether it occurs in humans. Now a team of scientists, led by researchers from McGill University, have found evidence that exposure to childhood adversity is associated with an altered ability to process stressful challenges and other emotional material.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.11.2023
Discovery of a new family of microbes in a northern lake with a unique ecosystem
Discovery of a new family of microbes in a northern lake with a unique ecosystem
Laval University scientists identify a new class of bacteria that plays a key role in one of Canada's most northerly lakes Lake A, located on Ellesmere Island in Canada's High Arctic, has been isolated from the world for millennia. "It's a kind of lost world, untouched by human disturbance. The environmental conditions are particularly favourable for the study of microorganisms and their potential," stresses Adrien Vigneron, former postdoctoral fellow in Warwick Vincent's North Sentinel team, and Connie Lovejoy, from the Faculty of Science and Engineering.

Environment - Life Sciences - 14.11.2023
How do temperature extremes influence the distribution of species?
McGill biology researchers found that there are patterns regarding the importance of temperature in determining where species live, shedding light on their sensitivity to climate change As the planet gets hotter, animal and plant species around the world will be faced with new, potentially unpredictable living conditions, which could alter ecosystems in unprecedented ways.

Health - Life Sciences - 13.11.2023
Seinfeld provides insight into how our brains understand and appreciate humour  
Seinfeld provides insight into how our brains understand and appreciate humour  
If you have ever laughed at a joke despite not finding it funny, or laughed at something and weren't sure why, you have proven that comprehending and appreciating humour are two very different things. Western University neuroscientists have now discovered that two distinct parts of the brain trigger these reactions, a result that also may shed light on why some patients with Parkinson's disease might have difficulty being 'in' on a joke.

Life Sciences - Environment - 10.11.2023
Modelling the dynamics of animal migration and parasitic infection
UdeM professor Sandra Binning and her colleagues have developed a predictive model of parasitic infection-related migratory behaviour in different animal species. Migration is a survival mechanism for many species. Animals travel to find food, reproduce, reduce competition, escape predators or escape winter.

Health - Life Sciences - 09.11.2023
Prenatal exposure to cannabis may increase diabetes risk in offspring
Prenatal exposure to cannabis may increase diabetes risk in offspring
Western research shows prenatal exposure to cannabis may increase diabetes risk in offspring Study finds exposure to CBD impacts glucose intolerance in male rats Cannabis consumption is prevalent among pregnant women in North America, particularly those between the ages of 18 and 24 years, previous research has shown.

Environment - Life Sciences - 07.11.2023
Cracking the code: Why songbirds are larger in colder climates
Cracking the code: Why songbirds are larger in colder climates
Science, Health & Technology Lou Corpuz-Bosshart Local adaptation may protect songbirds against climate change Scientists have unlocked the genetic basis underlying the remarkable variation in body size observed in song sparrows, one of North America's most familiar and beloved songbirds. This discovery also provides insights into this species' capacity to adapt to the challenges of climate change.

Life Sciences - 07.11.2023
Animals like crickets use the ground to amplify calls: Western study
Animals like crickets use the ground to amplify calls: Western study
When animals 'sing' sitting on the ground- such as when crickets chirp- their volume and reach increase dramatically, by as much as ten-fold. This result from a study by Western researchers, published today in the high impact journal PNAS , contradicts long-held beliefs in the field of animal communication, which presume the ground is a hindrance to sound transmission.

Life Sciences - Health - 06.11.2023
UdeM: where neuroscience meets AI
Groundbreaking research is being carried out in several Université de Montréal departments and research institutes to link artificial intelligence and the functions of the brain. The disciplines of neuroscience and artificial intelligence (AI) are intricately linked. The structure of the brain inspired the artificial neural networks of AI systems, and the machine learning techniques of AI, in particular deep learning, are modelled on the functioning of the mind.

Life Sciences - 01.11.2023
Probing teenagers’ lopsided brains
Researchers led by UdeM neuroscientist Tomas Paus uncover an important thinning mechanism that affects how the brain matures in adolescence. What determines how a teenager's brain is structured and how it evolves? In a scientific first, researchers led by Université de Montréal neuroscientist Tomas Paus and postdoctoral fellow Zhijie Liao have established a close link between brain activity and a maturation process called cortical thinning.

Life Sciences - Environment - 31.10.2023
Extreme environments leave genomic imprint in tiny organisms: Study
Extreme environments leave genomic imprint in tiny organisms: Study
DNA of extremophiles living in comparably harsh conditions are similar despite being biologically unrelated The signature written in genomic DNA has long been linked to ancestry, not to geographic location. But a recent study using AI from Western University, published in the high impact journal Scientific Reports , provides evidence that living in extreme temperature environments leaves a discernible imprint on the genomes of microbial extremophiles.

Life Sciences - Earth Sciences - 25.10.2023
Biological fingerprints in soil show where diamond-containing ore is buried
Biological fingerprints in soil show where diamond-containing ore is buried
Science, Health & Technology Alex Walls DNA sequencing technique can also help source minerals that are key to the green-energy transition Researchers have identified buried kimberlite, the rocky home of diamonds, by testing the DNA of microbes in the surface soil. These 'biological fingerprints' can reveal what minerals are buried tens of metres below the earth's surface without having to drill.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.10.2023
Link between Alzheimer's disease and sex hormones
Link between Alzheimer’s disease and sex hormones
Western researchers reveal link between Alzheimer's disease and sex hormones Use of female animal models in the lab led to crucial finding Alzheimer's disease disproportionately affects women, who represent about two-thirds of those diagnosed with the late-onset type of the disease. Previous research has shown Alzheimer's is also more severe and progresses more rapidly in women, and women with Alzheimer's experience a steeper cognitive decline - loss of memory, attention, and the ability to communicate and make decisions - compared to men with the disease.