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Astronomy / Space - Physics - 04.04.2024
11 billion years into the past
11 billion years into the past
The first cosmological measurements from a global collaboration bring us one step closer to solving the mystery of Dark Energy Canadian scientists working with the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI) participated in the DESI collaboration's first-year analysis of an exciting new three-dimensional map of the universe, providing details about our cosmological past that have never been seen before.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 27.03.2024
Milky Way black hole's magnetic field mapped for first time
Milky Way black hole’s magnetic field mapped for first time
Characteristics of the supermassive black hole at the heart of our galaxy captured in unprecedented detail by international team that includes Waterloo scientists  Long-held theories on how black holes like the one at the centre of our galaxy, the Milky Way, evolve were proven right this week thanks to research made possible by Canadian scientists.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 21.03.2024
'brown dwarfs' grow old alone
’brown dwarfs’ grow old alone
The interstellar objects are usually paired as binary systems, but in a new study Clémence Fontanive shows that, as they get older, few actually keep their companion. Clémence Fontanive , a researcher at Université de Montréal's Trottier Institute for Research on Exoplanets, used NASA's Hubble Space Telescope to study some of the coldest and lowest-mass "brown dwarfs" of our solar system.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 06.03.2024
Discovery tests theory on cooling of white dwarf stars
Discovery tests theory on cooling of white dwarf stars
Open any astronomy textbook to the section on white dwarf stars and you'll likely learn that they are "dead stars" that continuously cool down over time. New research published in Nature is challenging this theory, with the University of Victoria (UVic) and its partners using data from the European Space Agency's Gaia satellite to reveal why a population of white dwarf stars stopped cooling for more than eight billion years.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 26.02.2024
Metal 'scar' discovered on cannibal star: Study
Metal ’scar’ discovered on cannibal star: Study
Western researcher part of team that found a unique signature of a star ingesting surrounding planets and asteroids When a star like our Sun reaches the end of its life, it can expand to ingest the surrounding planets and asteroids that were born with it. Using the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope (ESO's VLT) in Chile, researchers, including Western physics and astronomy professor emeritus John Landstreet , have found a unique signature of this process for the first time, a scar imprinted on the surface of a white dwarf star.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 23.02.2024
Destruction of an Earth oceans' worth of water per month in Orion Nebula
Destruction of an Earth oceans’ worth of water per month in Orion Nebula
An international team, including Western astrophysicists Els Peeters and Jan Cami , has shed light on the destruction and re-formation of a large quantity of water in a planet-forming disk located at the heart of the Orion Nebula. This discovery was made possible by an original multidisciplinary approach combining observations from the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) and quantum physics calculations.

Astronomy / Space - Earth Sciences - 14.02.2024
Saturn's largest moon most likely non-habitable
Saturn’s largest moon most likely non-habitable
A study led by astrobiologist Catherine Neish for Western University shows the subsurface ocean of Titan - the largest moon of Saturn - is most likely a non-habitable environment, meaning any hope of finding life in the icy world is dead in the water. This discovery means it is far less likely that space scientists and astronauts will ever find life in the outer solar system, home to the four 'giant' planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 25.01.2024
Water vapour discovered in a small exoplanet's atmosphere
Water vapour discovered in a small exoplanet’s atmosphere
With a diameter approximately twice that of Earth, GJ 9827d could be an example of a planet with a water-rich atmosphere, according to astronomers at UdeM. A Canadian-led team of astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope reports observing the smallest exoplanet to have water vapour detected in its atmosphere.

Astronomy / Space - Earth Sciences - 15.01.2024
Discovery changes understanding of water's history on the Moon
Discovery changes understanding of water’s history on the Moon
New research from Western University shows the early lunar crust, which makes up the surface of the Moon, was considerably enriched in water more than 4 billion years ago, counter to previously held understanding. The discovery is outlined in a study published today in the journal Nature Astronomy .

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 11.01.2024
New paper explores four nearby fast radio burst sources
New paper explores four nearby fast radio burst sources
Fleeting blasts of energy from space, known as fast radio bursts (FRBs), are a cosmic enigma. A Canadian-led international team of researchers has published new findings suggesting that supernovae are the predominant contributors to forming sources that eventually produce FRBs. "Fast radio bursts are one of astronomy's greatest mysteries," said lead author Mohit Bhardwaj, a member of the Canadian Hydrogen Intensity Mapping Experiment Fast Radio Burst (CHIME/FRB) collaboration and a McWilliams Postdoctoral Fellow at Carnegie Mellon University.

Astronomy / Space - Environment - 09.01.2024
Secrets of a Hot Saturn and its Spotted Star Unlocked by McGill, Université de Montréal Astronomers
A team of astronomers including McGill Professor Nicolas Cowan has unravelled the enigmatic atmosphere of the exoplanet HAT-P-18 b, shedding light on its intriguing blend of gases, clouds, and even the effects of its star's activity Exoplanets, planets located beyond our Solar System, captivate both scientists and the public, holding the promise of unveiling diverse planetary systems and potentially habitable worlds.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 09.01.2024
Unlocking the secrets of a 'hot Saturn' and its spotted star
Unlocking the secrets of a ’hot Saturn’ and its spotted star
A team of iREx astronomers has unravelled the enigmatic atmosphere of the exoplanet HAT-P-18 b, shedding light on its intriguing blend of gases, clouds, and even the effects of its star's activity.

Health - Astronomy / Space - 21.12.2023
ICYMI: 2023 research round up
  Searching for signs of alien life in our own solar system    Scientists have long been captivated by the possibility of discovering evidence for extraterrestrial life in the universe. While many of the world's largest telescopes are pointed toward distant galaxies and star systems, some think there's a strong possibility that life could be detected much closer to home.

Astronomy / Space - Innovation - 15.12.2023
A tale of two papers
We put ChatGPT 4 to the test, asking it to read two scholarly studies produced at the university and summarize them in a pair of newsy articles for UdeM Nouvelles. The results were.. mixed. Credit: Miriam Beauchamp (Marc Antoine Charlebois) and Laurence Perreault-Levasseur (Mila Quebec) How good is ChatGPT at reading and synthesizing science, specifically the highly detailed science published as peer-reviewed studies in scholarly journals? To find out, we put the chatbot to the test, twice.

Astronomy / Space - Environment - 15.11.2023
Expert insight: Asteroid samples may reveal information about the origins of the universe
Expert insight: Asteroid samples may reveal information about the origins of the universe
The OSIRIS-REx mission is NASA's first mission to collect samples from an asteroid - in this case 101955 Bennu - and return to Earth. OSIRIS-REx is an acronym for Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, and Security – Regolith Explorer. The sealed capsule landed on Sept. 24 near Salt Lake City, Utah, a feat that was broadcast live by NASA.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 07.11.2023
Euclid’s first glimpse of the universe
ESA's Euclid space mission unveils stunning full-colour images of the cosmos, setting a new standard for astronomical imaging precision By Jordan Flemming University Relations Today, the European Space Agency's (ESA) Euclid space mission reveals five of its first full-color images of the cosmos. For the first time, Euclid has harnessed the power to capture razor-sharp astronomical images across a vast expanse of the sky, delving deep into the distant universe.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 31.10.2023
Astronomers now know how far the Earth is from 200 galaxies
Astronomers now know how far the Earth is from 200 galaxies
A Canadian-led team of scientists finds triple the number of galaxies visible in the James Webb Space Telescope's "First Deep Field" image whose distances from Earth can be measured. On July 11, 2022, the very first image taken by the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) was released to the general public.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 30.10.2023
Astronomers measure the distance between Earth and 200 galaxies
Astronomers measure the distance between Earth and 200 galaxies
In 2022, the James Webb Space Telescope captured an image of a cluster of thousands of galaxies. Astronomers have measured the distance to Earth of 200 of these galaxies. On July 11, 2022, the world saw the very first image taken by the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST). The image is now known as the "Webb Deep Galaxy Field" - a galaxy cluster named SMACS 0723, comprising over 7,000 galaxies! This image has proved an important target for the study of galaxy evolution, as this large number of very distant galaxies tells us a lot about how galaxies formed and evolved in the early Universe.

Physics - Astronomy / Space - 03.10.2023
Simon Fraser researchers involved in major international antimatter breakthrough
Simon Fraser researchers involved in major international antimatter breakthrough
Antimatter is tied up in one of the world's greatest mysteries. Physics predicts that when we create matter, we also create equal amounts of antimatter. Yet there seems to be almost no antimatter in our universe, a fact that has long puzzled physicists. Now, physicists at Simon Fraser University, the University of Calgary, TRIUMF, the University of British Columbia, York University and the British Columbia Institute of Technology and research institutions from around the world have just answered a long-standing question that will lead to a deeper understanding of antimatter: Does it fall down?

Physics - Astronomy / Space - 27.09.2023
Does antimatter fall up or down? Physicists observe the first gravitational free-fall of antimatter
Does antimatter fall up or down? Physicists observe the first gravitational free-fall of antimatter
Science, Health & Technology Prof. Takamasa Momose First measurement of the force of the Earth's gravity on antimatter, which leverages a built-in-Vancouver antimatter gravity detector. In the world's first observation of the effect of gravity on antimatter, a group of researchers from Canada and around the world have made an important confirmation: like matter, antimatter does indeed 'fall downwards'.
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