Life Sciences

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Life Sciences - Health - 18.06.2024
Link between genetics and coffee intake
Link between genetics and coffee intake
Study from Schulich Medicine & Dentistry and the University of California San Diego suggests a genetic predisposition for coffee intake It's 9 a.m. and coffee shops are bustling with the line for the drive-thru wrapped around the building. This is a common occurrence around the globe as coffee is one of the most widely consumed beverages.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 06.06.2024
Maple syrup to improve animal health
Maple syrup to improve animal health
A probiotic made from maple syrup with flavor defects could theoretically enrich the gut microbiota of farm animals, improve their resistance to disease and reduce the need for antibiotics Approximately 2% of the 200 million pounds of maple syrup produced each year in Quebec suffers from a flavor defect that makes it more suitable for use as an ingredient in processed products than for consumption in its natural state.

Health - Life Sciences - 27.05.2024
Sanfilippo syndrome: Major advancement towards developing a treatment
For the first time, a team co-led by Alexey Pshezhetsky resolved the structure of the enzyme deficient in Sanfilippo disease, a rare pediatric neurodegenerative disorder. For the first time, a team co-led by CHU Sainte-Justine researcher and professor in the Faculty of Medicine at Université de Montréal, Alexey Pshezhetsky has succeeded in resolving the unique structure of the HGSNAT enzyme, a deficiency of which causes Sanfilippo syndrome, a rare pediatric disease affecting the central nervous system.

Environment - Life Sciences - 22.05.2024
Australian study proves 'humans are planet's most frightening predator'
Australian study proves ’humans are planet’s most frightening predator’
Australia lacks fearsome large carnivores like lions and wolves, and the relative lack of fear that marsupials like kangaroos and wallabies show to dogs (and other introduced carnivores) has been attributed to a lack of evolutionary experience with large mammalian predators.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.05.2024
Study underscores new strategies to fight drug-resistant bacteria
The team, including McGill Professor Jesse Shapiro, conducted one of the largest genetic studies to analyze the dynamic relationship between cholera bacteria, their bacteriophages and antibiotics Several billion years ago, a genetic arms race began between bacteria and their viral killers. This seemingly eternal struggle continues today, with implications for diseases killing tens of thousands of people around the world each year.

Health - Life Sciences - 02.05.2024
Musical medicine: health benefits of hearing music for older adults
Musical medicine: health benefits of hearing music for older adults
Listening to music benefits older adults' cognitive health, even if it's music they haven't heard before or don't enjoy very much, according to a study by Simon Fraser University and Health Research BC researchers. Led by SFU neuroscientist Sarah Faber, the study published in Network Neuroscience discovered that listening to music activates brain regions linked to reward in older adults, regardless of their familiarity with the music.

Computer Science - Life Sciences - 29.04.2024
Identifying the next deadly virus
Identifying the next deadly virus
Researchers from the University of Waterloo have successfully classified 191 previously unidentified astroviruses using a new machine learning-enabled classification process. Astroviruses are some of the most damaging and widespread viruses in the world. These viruses cause severe diarrhea, which kills more than 440,000 children under the age of five annually.

Life Sciences - Health - 25.04.2024
’Antennae’ of cells: a protein plays a major role
Researchers in Quebec and California demonstrate a new aspect of what is required for the cellular structure cilium to transmit signals so that the body's cells can work as they should. The essential role played by a protein in the functioning of cells is revealed in new work from the laboratory of Université de Montréal medical professor Frédéric Charron , holder of the Canada Research Chair in Developmental Neurobiology.

Life Sciences - 24.04.2024
Why can't robots outrun animals?
Why can’t robots outrun animals?
Robotics engineers have worked for decades and invested many millions of research dollars in attempts to create a robot that can walk or run as well as an animal. And yet, it remains the case that many animals are capable of feats that would be impossible for robots that exist today.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.04.2024
Millions of gamers advance biomedical research
Millions of gamers advance biomedical research
Leveraging gamers and video game technology can dramatically boost scientific research according to a new study published today in Nature Biotechnology . 4.5 million gamers around the world have advanced medical science by helping to reconstruct microbial evolutionary histories using a minigame included inside the critically and commercially successful video game, Borderlands 3 .

Health - Life Sciences - 10.04.2024
Keys to the genome: unlocking the package
Scientists at the Montreal Clinical Research Institute have discovered the molecular mechanisms responsible for opening up the human genome and expressing new genes. Done in the laboratory of Jacques Drouin , director of the IRCM's Molecular Genetics Research Unit, the find marks an important step towards understanding the mechanisms underlying the genome.

Psychology - Life Sciences - 09.04.2024
Who does what better: a non-binary view
A research team led by UdeM's Robert-Paul Juster has shown that performance on some cognitive tasks is better predicted by gender identity than by sex assigned at birth. Many studies have found sex differences in cognitive abilities. In general, women outperform men on verbal and fine motor tasks, while men outperform women on spatial orientation and mental rotation tasks.

Life Sciences - 05.04.2024
A promising discovery in a rare neurodegenerative disease
Imagine being middle aged and starting to feel that you are off balance a lot and that you are having a hard time coordinating your movements. Those are among the symptoms of Spinocerebellar ataxia type 6, known as SCA6, a rare neurodegenerative disease which typically appears in adulthood and worsens over time.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 22.03.2024
Cognitive performance at age four can be predicted in infancy
Cognitive performance at age four can be predicted in infancy
Based on the brain dynamics she observed in infants, UdeM doctoral candidate of psychology Florence Deguire was able to determine which would go on to have the best adaptive behaviours scores. Using electroencephalogram (EEG) data collected before the age of one, it is possible to predict which babies will have the highest adaptive behaviour scores at the age of four.

Life Sciences - Health - 22.03.2024
Direct communication path between the lungs and the brain
Direct communication path between the lungs and the brain
Findings show that communication can alter the way the brain functions and the way someone behaves University of Calgary researchers have discovered the lungs communicate directly with the brain when there is an infection. Findings show the brain plays a critical role in triggering the symptoms of sickness, which may change the way we treat respiratory infections and chronic conditions.

Environment - Life Sciences - 21.03.2024
Species diversity promotes ecosystem stability
What maintains stability within an ecosystem and prevents a single best competitor from displacing other species from a community? Does ecosystem stability depend upon the presence of a wide variety of species, as early ecologists believed, or does diversity do the exact opposite, and lead to instability, as modern theory predicts? Resolving a long-standing debate among ecologists A new study from McGill University and the Max Planck Institute and published recently in Science suggests an answer to this question that has stood unanswered for half a century among ecologists.

Environment - Life Sciences - 18.03.2024
Global wildlife study during COVID-19 shows rural animals are more sensitive to human activity
Global wildlife study during COVID-19 shows rural animals are more sensitive to human activity
Science, Health & Technology Lou Corpuz-Bosshart Plant-eating animals more active, carnivores more cautious around humans One of the largest studies on wildlife activity-involving more than 220 researchers, 163 mammal species and 5,000 camera traps worldwide-reveals that wild animals react differently to humans depending on where the animals live and what they eat.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.03.2024
Decoding sleep to reveal our state of health
On World Sleep Day, we look at how neuroscientist Valérie Mongrain studies sleep to help doctors diagnose Alzheimer's disease earlier and predict the onset of epileptic seizures. Sleep takes up almost one third of our life, yet many of its secrets remain unexplained. To penetrate the mystery, neuroscientists are trying to decipher some of the mechanisms of this basic biological function, so key to good health.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.03.2024
New way it replicates
A U.S.-Canada study co-led by UdeM researchers offers key understanding of Ebola virus replication and potential therapeutic targets. Scientists in Canada and the U.S. have discovered a new way in which Ebola - an often deadly virus affecting people mostly in sub-Saharan Africa - reproduces in the body.

Life Sciences - 13.03.2024
Surprising bacterium from Canadian lake shines new light on ancient photosynthesis
Surprising bacterium from Canadian lake shines new light on ancient photosynthesis
From -failed- experiment to world-changing discovery, Waterloo PhD candidate turns unexpected bacterial sample into novel research Sometimes an experiment doesn't go as planned. That's science. But a -failed- experiment or unexpected results can be the avenue to a discovery you could never anticipate.
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